Rumble on Youtube: Psy vs Justin Bieber

On Saturday November 24th 2012 history was written: The most viewed Youtube video up til then – Canadian Justin Bieber’s baby with 805.914.820 views – was surpassed by South Korean Psy’s Gangnam Style with 833.499.683 views.
It’s interesting to look at the viewer statistics of both videos and the way Youtube presents them. First of all, looking at the shape of Bieber’s viewer stats across time. At the early stages after the video was released we see a steep incline, which then levels off to a horizontal line. Looking at Psy’s graph we see that the amount of viewers is still on the increase. There are no signs yet that a maximum has been reached.
At first, after the new record was set, I expected there would be a competition between Bieber fans and the Psy fans to compete for the new target: views!!! Then again, there is no visual sign of Bieber’s curve to rise again. This means that Bieber┬┤s video increasingly lags behind Psy’s video, probably to the extent that he will never be able to overtake Psy. If Psy’s video will reach more than a billion views, it’ll be the record holder for a long time. Or will it? Bieber’s record only lasted less than three years, while Psy broke that record in record time. It took Psy only 134 days (which equals 6.220.147 views per day). Compare this to a measly average of 804.306 daily views for 1002 days for Bieber’s Baby. So, it’s waiting for the next video to break Psy’s record. It’ll come within the next five years. Mark my words!!! ­čÖé

Interestingly, Youtube doesn’t seem to be that interested in Justin Bieber’s video. First of all, Youtube is very slow in updating Bieber’s viewer stats. Whereas Psy’s stats are updated daily, Bieber’s stats on average they lag behind for about a week. Also Bieber’s vertical axis needs to be updated because the video surpassed the 800.000.000 mark clearly.

Psy’s Youtube stats

Justin Bieber’s Youtube stats

A further notable difference is the steep climb at the beginning of the number of viewer for the Bieber video. Compare this to the slow start of Psy’s video. A possible explanation is the date these video┬┤s were posted: Bieber’s video was posted in Februari, one of the coldest months of the northern hemisphere, and Psy’s video was posted mid July, the hottest period for the northern hemisphere. That got me thinking that in the coldest months people stay indoors and have Youtube readily available, whereas in the summer people often are outdoors, or are on vacation, limiting their Youtube access. Cautionary note: this analysis is based on visual inspection of the graphs. It’d be better to use the actual longitudinal data. On July 28, 2012 Robbie Williams linked to Psy’s video on his website, probably aiding the quick dissemination through the Web, particularly the English speaking parts of the Web.

Justin Bieber’s Youtube interaction stats

Psy’s Youtube interaction stats

Below are the interaction stats directly compared between Bieber and Psy. It shows that, again, Psy has the most views, but Bieber has the most reactions. Psy has the most “Thumps Up”, whereas Bieber ahs the most “Thumbs Down”.

Viewer stats compared

As for the ratios between different stats we see that the audience of Biber’s video is more responsive than Psy’s audience. The rates for “Thumbs Up” “Thumbs Down” are quite similar to the earlier indicators because the number of views for Psy and Bieber are at a similar level. Still the quite small fraction of people reacting to these videos which only reaches a 1.1 percent shows that social media are not always that interactive. This percentage is probably somewhat inflated, and probably somewhat higher if multiple views by the same person would be taken account for. At the same time a single person can post multiple reponses to the video. This shows that using of-the-rack stats comes with limitations.
Rates between stats compared

Finishing this blog post on the 12th of December and checking the latest numbers on the Psy video, I wouldn’t be surprised when it reaches a billion views before then end of the year Only some 67 million views to go!

OK, to make this blog post complete here are both videos:

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Maurice Vergeer

I am Maurice Vergeer, working at Communication Science department of the Radboud University Nijmegen, in the Netherlands.